volume 2 - issue 2 (In Process)
1. Isolation of Sludge Protein from Skin Fleshing wastes by Alkaline Hydrolysis and Determining its Effects as a Fertilizer on Growth of Some Nursery Plants : A Step Towards Tanneries Waste Utilization in Pakistan
Author(s) :Beena Zehra, Hafiz Rub Nawaz, Barkat Ali Solangi, Uzma Nadeem.
Abstract: The study was conducted in two districts of South Omo zone namely, Benatsemay and Debub ri districts. The study was implemented through a multidisciplinary team of livestock researchers, which comprising of socio-economist, veterinarians, animal breeders and development workers. The objectives of the survey were: to describe the nature of the livestock farming system and production practices; analyze and priories the major constraints that hinder the development of livestock production; identify the opportunities and constraints of livestock production in the study area; collect the socio-economic characteristics and to use the information as a baseline data for future intervention. Data were collected by semi-structured interview, focus group discussion and secondary data was collected from different sources. Livestock has a multi-function in the study areas and helping as a source of draft power, income generation, and milk and meat production. Although there are accesses to vast fertile land for feed and forage development, huge livestock number and presence of enough family labour force in the areas, there are several constraints in livestock husbandry such as shortage of grazing land/feed, disease, market problem, water problem, lack of technological supply. However, little attention has been given to identify and characterize these livestock production constraints in the districts. It is with this understanding that the present study was initiated and conducted.
2. Sustainable Alternativ-es for Plastic Packaging used in Apparel E-Tailing
Author(s) :Sharmitha. B, Nishali.D, Kushal Singh and S. Kavitha
Abstract: Fashion today is about an obsession with outward image and appearance. Though the door delivery of goods is very useful for modern consumers, it has given rise to some serious environmental challenges due to excessive usage of plastics. To pack the clothes ordered online needs a whole leap of plastic wrap, bubble sheet, thermocol sheet and the list of packaging waste is endless. From polybag to collar band, plastic has a wide range of use in the packaging segment, though recycling and reusing these materials are difficult. Products like corrugated bubble sheet, green wrap, indented kraft paper can be focused on as eco-friendly alternatives for this ecological damage. Though there is room for sustainable modules in the fashion industry, there must be companies and people willing to take up the new ideals. This paper reviews plastic consumption in packaging and its environmental annoyance and the alternatives identified by some fashion brands.
3. Development Of Non-Woven Fabrics From Bamboo/Polypropylene Fibres And Its Application In Personal Protective Equipment-A Review
Author(s) :Kanchana Devi, Rajkumar
Abstract: Abstract: The important component of personal protective equipment is a mask. Mask is more important in a pandemic because it safeguards our life by stopping the spreading of the Coronavirus by entrapping the droplets from the corona affected person to enter into the wearer’s nose. Many types of masks are available such as non-woven mask, reusable mask, N95 mask and cloth mask etc. The majority of commercial masks are non-woven masks which are made up of polypropylene fibre. The main drawback of non-woven masks is their discomfort due to lack of breathability. This problem is solved by utilizing natural fibres as one of the raw material in non-woven and using them in the mask. Bamboo fibre is a natural celluloid fibre having good comfort properties with antimicrobial properties. Hence an attempt is made in this review article to examine the important properties of bamboo fibre and to evaluate its potential as a protective barrier material in non-woven face masks