volume 2 - issue 2
1. Isolation of Sludge Protein from Skin Fleshing wastes by Alkaline Hydrolysis and Determining its Effects as a Fertilizer on Growth of Some Nursery Plants : A Step Towards Tanneries Waste Utilization in Pakistan
Author(s) :Beena Zehra, Hafiz Rub Nawaz, Barkat Ali Solangi, Uzma Nadeem.
Abstract: The study was conducted in two districts of South Omo zone namely, Benatsemay and Debub ri districts. The study was implemented through a multidisciplinary team of livestock researchers, which comprising of socio-economist, veterinarians, animal breeders and development workers. The objectives of the survey were: to describe the nature of the livestock farming system and production practices; analyze and priories the major constraints that hinder the development of livestock production; identify the opportunities and constraints of livestock production in the study area; collect the socio-economic characteristics and to use the information as a baseline data for future intervention. Data were collected by semi-structured interview, focus group discussion and secondary data was collected from different sources. Livestock has a multi-function in the study areas and helping as a source of draft power, income generation, and milk and meat production. Although there are accesses to vast fertile land for feed and forage development, huge livestock number and presence of enough family labour force in the areas, there are several constraints in livestock husbandry such as shortage of grazing land/feed, disease, market problem, water problem, lack of technological supply. However, little attention has been given to identify and characterize these livestock production constraints in the districts. It is with this understanding that the present study was initiated and conducted.
2. Sustainable Alternativ-es for Plastic Packaging used in Apparel E-Tailing
Author(s) :Sharmitha. B, Nishali.D, Kushal Singh and S. Kavitha
Abstract: Fashion today is about an obsession with outward image and appearance. Though the door delivery of goods is very useful for modern consumers, it has given rise to some serious environmental challenges due to excessive usage of plastics. To pack the clothes ordered online needs a whole leap of plastic wrap, bubble sheet, thermocol sheet and the list of packaging waste is endless. From polybag to collar band, plastic has a wide range of use in the packaging segment, though recycling and reusing these materials are difficult. Products like corrugated bubble sheet, green wrap, indented kraft paper can be focused on as eco-friendly alternatives for this ecological damage. Though there is room for sustainable modules in the fashion industry, there must be companies and people willing to take up the new ideals. This paper reviews plastic consumption in packaging and its environmental annoyance and the alternatives identified by some fashion brands.
3. Development Of Non-Woven Fabrics From Bamboo/Polypropylene Fibres And Its Application In Personal Protective Equipment-A Review
Author(s) :Kanchana Devi, Rajkumar
Abstract: Abstract: The important component of personal protective equipment is a mask. Mask is more important in a pandemic because it safeguards our life by stopping the spreading of the Coronavirus by entrapping the droplets from the corona affected person to enter into the wearer’s nose. Many types of masks are available such as non-woven mask, reusable mask, N95 mask and cloth mask etc. The majority of commercial masks are non-woven masks which are made up of polypropylene fibre. The main drawback of non-woven masks is their discomfort due to lack of breathability. This problem is solved by utilizing natural fibres as one of the raw material in non-woven and using them in the mask. Bamboo fibre is a natural celluloid fibre having good comfort properties with antimicrobial properties. Hence an attempt is made in this review article to examine the important properties of bamboo fibre and to evaluate its potential as a protective barrier material in non-woven face masks
4. Development of Needle-Punched Nonwoven Fabrics from Natural Fibers for Sound Absorption Behavior
Author(s) :K Savitha, Grace S Annapoorani , V R Sampath
Abstract: The natural fibers prepared from plant waste have parameters like fiber strength, length, and chemical composition which are suitable to fabric and the fibers into nonwoven. The selected plants were identified from their botanical names by comparing the collected samples with those of known identity in the herbarium of a botanical survey in India with their names as Sesbania grandiflora, Mutingia Calabura, and Bauhinia Purpurea. A novel Portable multi-fiber decorticator machine was fabricated and used to extract the fibers from the plant stem and barks. The extracted fibers are done physical characterization and their properties are investigated. The extracted fibers are blended with other natural fibers like jute and flax in appropriate proportions 45:45:10 and nonwoven fabrics were prepared by needle-punching method. Three and four layer nonwovens are produced using needle punching machine. The developed nonwovens are tested using standard apparatus and the effect of natural fibers in areal density, thickness; bulk density, porosity, and air permeability are analyzed(10). In addition, thermal conductivity and sound absorption behavior are also investigated. The sound absorption property increases with respect to areal density and fabric thickness. The thermal conductivity increased by increasing the fiber layer in the fabric.
5. Technological Advancement in Textile and Fashion -Wearable E-Textiles.
Author(s) :Aishwarya.R, Dr.M.Sumithra, Sadheesh Kumar. A
Abstract: : This paper bears the cost of an assessment of new characteristics, with inside the startlingly changing over and propelling order of smart material sensor and advanced texture innovation. It summarizes the simple standards and processes hired whilst constructing material sensors notwithstanding the most extreme ordinarily utilized substances and techniques used in advanced materials. The cutting-edge paintings demonstrate that material sensors may be tailor-made to degree force, pressure, chemicals, and humidity and temperature variations. Materials, connectors, material circuits, interconnects, encapsulation and fabrication techniques related to material technology show to be adjustable and adaptable whatever amount of less strong than their conventional gadgets partners. The findings of this survey propose that a whole clever material device is practical through the blending of the particular styles of texture essentially based on absolutely deliberate components. This painting intends to be a start line for the standardization of clever material sensing strategies and e-fabric fabrication techniques. The imaginative and prescient at the back of wearable computing foresees destiny digital structures to be a quintessential part of our ordinary outfits. Such digital gadgets need to meet unique necessities regarding wearability. Wearable structures could be characterized with the aid of using their capacity to mechanically apprehend the pastime and the behavioural repute in their very own person in addition to the scenario around her/him and to apply these statistics to modify the configuration and capability of the structure. This evaluation makes a speciality of the latest advances inside the discipline of Smart Textiles and can pay specific interest to the substances and their production manner. Each approach suggests blessings and downsides and our purpose is to focus on a likely compromise among adaptability, ergonomics, low strength utilization, mix and in the end self-governance